Artificial nest boxes can substitute for tree hollows, providing arboreal species with nesting and roosting sites. Species such as the lorikeet have adapted well to urban areas through the use of artificial nest boxes. Birds, possums, gliders, bats and reptiles readily accept man-made nest boxes and use them in urban residential properties, public parks and farm forestry plantations.
The benefits of artificial nest boxes include biodiversity enhancement and greater understanding of urban wildlife. Nest boxes provide an opportunity to monitor fauna that is otherwise difficult to study. The presence of the wildlife is also an invaluable education tool.